The Revolution and Constitution (1775-1789)
The Battle of Fort Sullivan
To many, it's a great surprise that Charleston had a major part in the American Revolution. Read about the American victory at Fort Sullivan in 1776.
- Benson Bobrick - Angel in the Whirlwind: The Triumph of the American Revolution
- Gordon Wood - The Radicalism of the American Revolution
- Jack N. Rakove - Original Meaning: Politics and Ideas in the Making of the Constitution
Timeline of the American Revolution, the Confederation, and the Constitution
- 1775 - First shots of the Revolutionary War are fired at Lexington and Concord, forcing a British withdrawal.
- 1775 - The Continental Army, Continental Navy, and Continental Marines are formed to fight the Revolution. They will cooperate with numerous state regiments and militia.
- 1776 - The Declaration of Independence is signed on July 4th and sent to King George.
- 1781 - Lord Cornwallis surrenders his army at Yorktown, Virginia. His is the second British army to be lost in the struggle, after that of "Gentleman" Johnny Burgoyne.
- 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed, formalizing the United States' victory.
- 1784 - United States suffers a severe depression, exacerbated by currency shortage and unpaid debts. This has sometimes been called the 'Critical Period'.
- 1786 - Shays' Rebellion breaks out in Massachusetts.
- 1787 - The Northwest Ordinance is passed, formalizing Midwest settlement.
- 1787 - The Constitutional Convention is held in Philadelphia, resulting in the current United States Constitution.
- 1788 - The United States Constitution goes into effect with the ratification of New Hampshire -- the ninth state.
- 1789 - George Washington is inaugurated as the first President of the United States.