New England History

Birthplace of the Revolution. Backbone of the Union. New England has long been the most prosperous and well-established region of the United States.

Cavaliers and Roundheads -- The American Legacy of the English Civil War

In Colonial and Antebellum times, many Americans turned to the English Civil War to explain the differences between North and South.

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Timeline

  • c.8000 B.C. - First American Indians arrive in what is now the New England region, migrating from the west. They largely consist of Algonquin speakers.
  • c.1550 - European fur traders begin to filter into the region.
  • 1615 - Epidemic of leptospirosis reduces the number of Wampanoag by up to ninety percent.
  • 1620 - Plymouth Colony founded by the Mayflower pilgrims, who missed their target of Virginia by a wide margin.
  • 1636 - Harvard College is founded in Boston, and is still the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States.
  • 1675-1678 - Metacomet unsuccessfully leads the Wampanoag against the English in King Philip's War.
  • 1686 - The short-lived Dominion of New England is established by King James II with Sir Edmund Andros as governor.
  • 1773 - The Boston Tea Party occurs, and the British place Massachusetts under military rule.
  • 1775 - First shots of the Revolutionary War are fired at Lexington and Concord, forcing a British withdrawal.
  • 1786-1787 - Shays' Rebellion leads to breakdown of order in Massachusetts, and gives ammunition to supporters of a new Constitution.
  • 1787 - First American cotton mill is founded in Beverly, Massachusetts. Textile mills become a key New England industry.
  • 1830-1840 - Transcendentalists such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau become prominent intellectual voices.
  • 1845 - The Atlantic whaling industry reaches its heights, as immortalized in Moby Dick.
  • 1850-1900 - Irish and Italian immigrants transform the demographics of the region, particularly in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1919 - The Boston Red Sox trade Babe Ruth to the Yankees for cash considerations.
  • 2004 - Facebook is launched, initially limited to active students of Harvard University.