History of the Midwest
Detroit History -- "French Detroit 1701-1760"
The city of Detroit was founded in 1701 by an enterprising French colonial officer named Antoine de le Mothe Cadillac.
- Andrew R. L. Clayton, Richard Sisson, and Chris Zacher (ed.) -
The American Midwest: An Interpretive Encyclopedia
- Richard White - The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815
- John Sugden - Tecumseh: A Life
- Steven Watts - The People's Tycoon: Henry Ford and the American Century
- Annette Atkins - Creating Minnesota: A History from the Inside Out
Timeline of the Midwest
- c.10000 B.C. - First American Indians arrive in what is now the Midwest.
- c.1200 - Monks Mound at modern-day Cahokia, Illinois is completed. Marks the height of the Mississippian culture in that area.
- 1673 - Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet explore the Midwest and Mississippi River. Most of the region becomes part of New France until 1763.
- 1787 - After the region east of the Mississippi passes to the United States, the Northwest Ordinance is passed to organize the settlement and governance of the area.
- 1803 - Louisiana Purchase places the Midwest east of the Mississippi under U.S. control. Lewis and Clark launch their expedition in 1804.
- 1808-1812 - Tecumseh creates an Indian Confederation to unite against white settlers in the Midwest.
- 1837 - John Deere develops a steel plow that is well-suited for cutting the Midwestern sod.
- 1847 - Cyrus McCormick begins producing mechanical reapers in Chicago and sells them to Midwestern farmers.
- 1858 - Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas debate seven times in their U.S. Senate campaign. Although Lincoln loses that fall, he defeats Douglas (and several others) in the 1860 Presidential election.
- 1872 - Montgomery Ward produces its first mail order catalog and develops a business that serves millions of rural and small town consumers.
- 1890 - The Union Stockyards in Chicago slaughter 9 million animals in a year. Chicago becomes known as the "hog-butcher of the world".
- 1908 - Henry Ford introduces the Model T automobile, revolutionizes transportation and industrial production.
- 1959 - Motown Records is founded in Detroit. This label features the Supremes, the Temptations, and numerous other soul groups.
- 1973 - The Sears Tower is completed and becomes the world's tallest building for over two decades.